Leather often regarded as the essence of quality and durability since the medieval ages, has become the most common primal matter for producing exquisite products. To throw some light on differentiating leather according to its quality, we can see that it can be classified in the following four categories:
Full grain: Leather which has not been sanded, buffed or snuffed. The grain remains allowing the fiber strength and durability. It is used to make high quality leather furniture and footwear.
Top grain: It is the second best quality leather. It has had the 'split' layer separated away making it thinner and more pliable than full grain. It is the most common type in high-end leather products.
Corrected grain: It is any leather that has had an artificial grain applied to its surface. It is mainly used to make pigmented leather as the solid pigment helps hide the corrections or imperfections.
Split leather: Split leather is created from the fibrous part of the hide left once the top grain of the rawhide has been separated from the hide. Split is used for making less expensive belts and other products.
Leather products are long lasting and durable. Their life span can be exaggerated by due care and maintenance.
Below are some useful do's and don'ts for your leather products;
1.) Do not clean your leather with alcohol, turpentine or mineral spirits. Use regimen of leather care products designed to clean, condition, and protect leather.
2.) Avoid keeping the leather articles in direct exposure to sunlight and high humidity as sunlight dries the leather and fades it.
3.) If the product comes in contact with water, dry air it.
4.) Never wash leather items in washing machine. Leather will only get better with proper cleaning and conditioning.